- What is a Concussion?
- What are the Symptoms of a Concussion?
- What are the Signs of a Concussion?
- Concussion Management
- LWSD Return to Play Protocol
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury and all brain injuries are serious. They are caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or body with the force transmitted to the head. They can range from mild to severe and can disrupt the way the brain normally works. Even though most concussions are mild, all concussions are potentially serious and may result in complications including prolonged brain damage and death if not recognized and managed properly. In other words, even a “ding” or a bump on the head can be serious. You can’t see a concussion and most sports concussions occur without loss of consciousness. Signs and symptoms of concussion may show up right after the injury or can take hours or days to fully appear. If your child reports any symptoms of concussion, or if you notice the symptoms or signs of concussion yourself, seek medical attention right away.
What are the symptoms of a concussion?
Symptoms are things that an athlete may experience, but others cannot see, and include:
- “Pressure in head”
- Nausea or vomiting
- Neck pain
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Blurred, double, or fuzzy vision
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Feeling sluggish or slowed down
- Feeling foggy or groggy
- Change in sleep patterns
- “Don’t feel right”
- Fatigue or low energy
- Nervousness or anxiety
- More emotional
- Concentration or memory problems (forgetting game plays)
- Repeating the same question/comment .
What are the signs of a concussion?
Signs are things that a parent, coach, teammate or athletic trainer might notice, and include:
- Appears dazed
- Vacant facial expression
- Confused about assignment
- Forgets plays
- Is unsure of game, score, or opponent
- Moves clumsily or displays incoordination
- Answers questions slowly
- Slurred speech
- Shows behavior or personality changes
- Can’t recall events prior to hit
- Can’t recall events after hit
- Seizures or convulsions
- Any change in typical behavior or personality
- Loses consciousness
Click here for information you can use while you are recovering from a concussion.
If any of the following occur, the athlete should be taken to the ER immediately:
- Previous symptoms become much worse.
- Unconsciousness or inability to stay awake during normal hours.
- Inability to recognize people or places.
- Repeated vomiting.
- Unusual behavior, or becoming more confused or agitate.
- Seizures or convulsions.
- Weakness or numbness in arms or legs.
- Unsteadiness on their feet.
- Slurred speech.
- Difficulty with vision.
- Pupils unequal in size.
- Bleeding or drainage from ears or nose.
- Unusual sounds in ears.